扫码关注公众号           扫码咨询技术支持           扫码咨询技术服务
  
客服热线:400-901-9800  客服QQ:4009019800  技术答疑  技术支持  质量反馈  人才招聘  关于我们  联系我们
产品中心-北京博奥森生物技术有限公司
首页 > 产品中心 > 标记一抗 > 产品信息
Rabbit Anti-Beta arrestin 2/PE-Cy5 Conjugated antibody (bs-1332R-PE-Cy5)
~~~促销,代码KT2401~~~
订购热线:400-901-9800
订购邮箱:sales@bioss.com.cn
订购QQ:  400-901-9800
技术支持:techsupport@bioss.com.cn
说 明 书: 100ul  
100ul/2980.00元
大包装/询价
产品编号 bs-1332R-PE-Cy5
英文名称 Anti-Beta arrestin 2/PE-Cy5
中文名称 PE-Cy5标记的β-抑制蛋白2抗体/β休止蛋白2/β-arrestin抗体
别    名 Beta-arrestin 2; Beta Arrestin 2; ARB 2; ARB2; ARR 2; ARR2; ARRB 2; ARRB2; ARRB2_HUMAN; Arrestin 3; Arrestin beta 2; Arrestin beta-2; BARR2; DKFZp686L0365; HGNC:712; Beta-arrestin-2.  
规格价格 100ul/2980元 购买        大包装/询价
说 明 书 100ul  
研究领域 肿瘤  细胞生物  神经生物学  信号转导  生长因子和激素  激酶和磷酸酶  通道蛋白  细胞膜受体  G蛋白偶联受体  细胞骨架  
抗体来源 Rabbit
克隆类型 Polyclonal
交叉反应 Human, Mouse, Rat,  (predicted: Chicken, Dog, Pig, Cow, Horse, Rabbit, Guinea Pig, )
产品应用 IF=1:50-200 
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
分 子 量 45kDa
性    状 Lyophilized or Liquid
浓    度 1mg/ml
免 疫 原 KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human Beta-arrestin 2
亚    型 IgG
纯化方法 affinity purified by Protein A
储 存 液 0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.
保存条件 Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.
产品介绍 background:
Members of arrestin/beta arrestin protein family are thought to participate in agonist mediated desensitization of G protein coupled receptors and cause specific dampening of cellular responses to stimuli such as hormones, neurotransmitters, or sensory signals. Arrestin beta 2, like arrestin beta 1, was shown to inhibit beta adrenergic receptor function in vitro. It is expressed at high levels in the central nervous system and may play a role in the regulation of synaptic receptors

Function:
Functions in regulating agonist-mediated G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling by mediating both receptor desensitization and resensitization processes. During homologous desensitization, beta-arrestins bind to the GPRK-phosphorylated receptor and sterically preclude its coupling to the cognate G-protein; the binding appears to require additional receptor determinants exposed only in the active receptor conformation. The beta-arrestins target many receptors for internalization by acting as endocytic adapters (CLASPs, clathrin-associated sorting proteins) and recruiting the GPRCs to the adapter protein 2 complex 2 (AP-2) in clathrin-coated pits (CCPs). However, the extent of beta-arrestin involvement appears to vary significantly depending on the receptor, agonist and cell type. Internalized arrestin-receptor complexes traffic to intracellular endosomes, where they remain uncoupled from G-proteins. Two different modes of arrestin-mediated internalization occur. Class A receptors, like ADRB2, OPRM1, ENDRA, D1AR and ADRA1B dissociate from beta-arrestin at or near the plasma membrane and undergo rapid recycling. Class B receptors, like AVPR2, AGTR1, NTSR1, TRHR and TACR1 internalize as a complex with arrestin and traffic with it to endosomal vesicles, presumably as desensitized receptors, for extended periods of time. Receptor resensitization then requires that receptor-bound arrestin is removed so that the receptor can be dephosphorylated and returned to the plasma membrane. Mediates endocytosis of CCR7 following ligation of CCL19 but not CCL21. Involved in internalization of P2RY1, P2RY4, P2RY6 and P2RY11 and ATP-stimulated internalization of P2RY2. Involved in phopshorylation-dependent internalization of OPRD1 and subsequent recycling or degradation. Involved in ubiquitination of IGF1R. Beta-arrestins function as multivalent adapter proteins that can switch the GPCR from a G-protein signaling mode that transmits short-lived signals from the plasma membrane via small molecule second messengers and ion channels to a beta-arrestin signaling mode that transmits a distinct set of signals that are initiated as the receptor internalizes and transits the intracellular compartment. Acts as signaling scaffold for MAPK pathways such as MAPK1/3 (ERK1/2) and MAPK10 (JNK3). ERK1/2 and JNK3 activated by the beta-arrestin scaffold are largely excluded from the nucleus and confined to cytoplasmic locations such as endocytic vesicles, also called beta-arrestin signalosomes. Acts as signaling scaffold for the AKT1 pathway. GPCRs for which the beta-arrestin-mediated signaling relies on both ARRB1 and ARRB2 (codependent regulation) include ADRB2, F2RL1 and PTH1R. For some GPCRs the beta-arrestin-mediated signaling relies on either ARRB1 or ARRB2 and is inhibited by the other respective beta-arrestin form (reciprocal regulation). Increases ERK1/2 signaling in AGTR1- and AVPR2-mediated activation (reciprocal regulation). Involved in CCR7-mediated ERK1/2 signaling involving ligand CCL19. Is involved in type-1A angiotensin II receptor/AGTR1-mediated ERK activity. Is involved in type-1A angiotensin II receptor/AGTR1-mediated MAPK10 activity. Is involved in dopamine-stimulated AKT1 activity in the striatum by disrupting the association of AKT1 with its negative regulator PP2A. Involved in AGTR1-mediated chemotaxis. Appears to function as signaling scaffold involved in regulation of MIP-1-beta-stimulated CCR5-dependent chemotaxis. Involved in attenuation of NF-kappa-B-dependent transcription in response to GPCR or cytokine stimulation by interacting with and stabilizing CHUK. Suppresses UV-induced NF-kappa-B-dependent activation by interacting with CHUK. The function is promoted by stimulation of ADRB2 and dephosphorylation of ARRB2. Involved in p53/TP53-mediated apoptosis by regulating MDM2 and reducing the MDM2-mediated degradation of p53/TP53. May serve as nuclear messenger for GPCRs. Upon stimulation of OR1D2, may be involved in regulation of gene expression during the early processes of fertilization. Also involved in regulation of receptors others than GPCRs. Involved in endocytosis of TGFBR2 and TGFBR3 and down-regulates TGF-beta signaling such as NF-kappa-B activation. Involved in endocytosis of low-density lipoprotein receptor/LDLR. Involved in endocytosis of smoothened homolog/Smo, which also requires ADRBK1. Involved in endocytosis of SLC9A5. Involved in endocytosis of ENG and subsequent TGF-beta-mediated ERK activation and migration of epithelial cells. Involved in Toll-like receptor and IL-1 receptor signaling through the interaction with TRAF6 which prevents TRAF6 autoubiquitination and oligomerization required for activation of NF-kappa-B and JUN. Involved in insulin resistence by acting as insulin-induced signaling scaffold for SRC, AKT1 and INSR. Involved in regulation of inhibitory signaling of natural killer cells by recruiting PTPN6 and PTPN11 to KIR2DL1.

Subcellular Location:
Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cell membrane. Membrane > clathrin-coated pit. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Translocates to the plasma membrane and colocalizes with antagonist-stimulated GPCRs.

Post-translational modifications:
Phosphorylated at Thr-382 in the cytoplasm; probably dephosphorylated at the plasma membrane. The phosphorylation does not regulate internalization and recycling of ADRB2, interaction with clathrin or AP2B1.
The ubiquitination status appears to regulate the formation and trafficking of beta-arrestin-GPCR complexes and signaling. Ubiquitination appears to occurr GPCR-specifc. Ubiquitinated by MDM2; the ubiquitination is required for rapid internalization of ADRB2. Deubiquitinated by USP33; the deubiquitination leads to a dissociation of the beta-arrestin-GPCR complex. Stimulation of a class A GPCR, such as ADRB2, induces transient ubiquitination and subsequently promotes association with USP33. Stimulation of a class B GPCR promotes a sustained ubiquitination.

Similarity:
Belongs to the arrestin family.

Database links:

Entrez Gene: 409 Human

Entrez Gene: 216869 Mouse

Entrez Gene: 25388 Rat

Omim: 107941 Human

SwissProt: P32121 Human

SwissProt: Q91YI4 Mouse

SwissProt: P29067 Rat

Unigene: 435811 Human

Unigene: 203747 Mouse

Unigene: 32973 Rat



Important Note:
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.

β抑制因子-2又称β休止蛋白2,也是是调节CD4+T细胞存活和自身免疫性的关键因子,与促进T淋巴细胞存活和自身免疫发病相关。经研究发现β-arrestin不仅仅能阻断蛋白合成,也能诱导蛋白合成,参与信号传导。
对Arrestins家族的研究-探究β-arrestin在G蛋白偶联受体信号传导通路中的地位和作用,是当今生物学中信号传导研究领域的热门课题.
β抑制因子-1又称“胰岛素受体复合体”,近年来国内外科研人员对β-arrestin在II型糖尿病发生的研究机制方面有了新的突破,认为:β-arrestin缺少或下降可直接导致了胰岛素耐受和II型糖尿病的发生。
β-arrestin1蛋白β-arrestin2蛋白有高度的同源性。
版权所有 2004-2026 www.bioss.com.cn 北京博奥森生物技术有限公司
通过国际质量管理体系ISO 9001:2015 GB/T 19001-2016    认证编号: 00122Q31509R1M/1100
京ICP备05066980号-1         京公网安备110107000727号